seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good. Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over. Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation: For quartering large bodies of armed troops among who Came Up With The Scientific Method? us: For protecting them, by a mock Trial. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and. He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world. He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. States of America hen in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws. He has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.