made of atemporal causation. The application of this definition to finite and infinite sets yields results that Craig finds counter-intuitive but which mathematicians see as our best understanding for comparing the size of sets. Fourth, why do things exist now or at any given point? Originally a vacuum lacking space-time dimensions, the universe found itself in an excited vacuum state, a ferment of quantum activity, teeming with virtual particles and full of complex interactions (Davies 1984: 1912 which, subject to a cosmic repulsive force, resulted in an immense increase. Pamela: Someone has done the math. Not bad for only.7 billion years of expansion. All right, I know you wanted to define some terms before we got rolling so why dont we break this down.

The starting point here is the existence of particular things, and the question posed asks for an explanation for there being these particular things. Savas dimopoulos: Perhaps we live on a membrane, a three-dimensional membrane that floats inside higher dimensional infuse a Spark of Being into Lifeless Things space. We might sketch out a version of the argument as follows. Quantum accounts allow for additional speculation regarding origins and structures of universes. Now if you have a small enough finite universe, the light wraps around and we can see us in the past. Kant held that the cosmological argument, in concluding to the existence of an absolutely necessary being, attempts to prove the existence of a being whose nonexistence is impossible, is absolutely inconceivable ( Critique B621).

Stephen Hawkings Universe